Three courses made considerable moves in the rankings by way of dramatic redesigns

Three courses made considerable moves in the rankings by way of dramatic redesigns

Modern Pinehurst No. 2 (right) has been restored to its more rugged mid-20th-century look.
Pinehurst Resort

Pinehurst (No. 2)
Pinehurst, N.C.

No. 19 to No. 15 World
No. 11 to No. 10 U.S.

Out: 35 acres of grass, traditional primary Bermudagrass rough, narrow fairways, obsolete bunkers.

In: Hardpan, sandy scrub, pine straw and wiregrass frame the fairways; increased fairway width; reshaped bunkers; 271 extra yards for the 2014 U.S. Open.

Result: Restored to the look that Pinehurst embraced in the 1940s, with less lushness, more natural landscape. Increased emphasis on shotmaking to find proper angles into still lethal greens.

Architects: Bill Coore and Ben Crenshaw

Reopened: March 2011

L.A. Country Club (North)
Los Angeles, Calif.

No. 52 to No. 39 World
No. 31 to No. 24 U.S.

Out: Many trees; tired bunker shapes and placements; relentlessly tough holes.

In: Great-looking Golden Age bunkers; barranca back in play on several holes; greens restored to 1920s sites; wider fairways; alternate tee and hole locations; restoration of par-4 6th green.

Result: A near-total return to the George Thomas 1927 original design; amped up aesthetics via restoration of the sculpted bunkers and longhidden vistas of the Santa Monica Mountains, the city skyline and the Palos Verdes Peninsula.

Architects: Gil Hanse, Jim Wagner, Geoff Shackelford

Reopened: November 2010

Oitavos Dunes
Cascais, Portugal

No. 88 to No. 68 World

Out: Select trees; scrub and native plants from greenside dunes; cupcake par 5 on front nine.

In: Two new back tees, the first extending the par-5 7th to 525 yards, the second lengthening the 9th from 155 to 190 yards; reshaped dunes at the par-3 14th; new hotel left of 18th tee.

Result: Much-needed added challenge on some holes, improved visibility and fairness on others; cleaned-out white dunes form a striking visual contrast with the green fairway grass and blue Atlantic Ocean; glass-intensive hotel blends seamlessly into natural landscape.

Architects: In-house

Reopened: 2010

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