Ask the Top 100 Live: Brady Riggs is here to fix your game

Golf Magazine Top 100 Teacher Brady Riggs was online Tuesday to answer your questions and analyze your swing videos. If you have a question for Brady, he'll be back next Tuesday at noon EST for a new Ask The Top 100 Live! Thanks to everyone for the questions and videos. Sorry I didn't get to everyone, please ask again next week and get them in early! I am off to the lesson tee. Have a great week. Jeremy Tomsick asks at 1:00: Please help me win my club championship and make it to the match play in my state am! Help! Thanks for the videos! I wish I knew a bit more about what the ball-flight issues were, which clubs you were struggling with and some more specifics but I will give it a shot. The video is a bit rough, but it appears that there are a couple of address issues and a problem with the shape of your backswing. It looks like your grip is a bit weak in the left hand causing the clubface to be open at the top of the backswing. This could lead to a weak, right-leaning ball flight if the swing gets fast or tight or a hook if your hands try to make up for the open clubface at impact. If you strengthened your left hand you could sync up the release better and gain some consistency. The second issue is a bit more technical and will take more time to adjust. Your hands work away from you in the takeaway, forcing the clubshaft to become overly flat during the backswing. This causes the shaft to steepen in the transition, making it difficult to attack the ball on the proper path. This can be caused by the desire to adjust for the open clubface position and get the ball starting more left, but in either case it should be adjusted. Here are some pictures of the proper shape of the backswing vs the downswing. If you could send me some more info I will try to be more specific.  FLAT TO STEEP: Flattosteep STEEP TO FLAT: Steeptoflat John Suess asks at 12:50: I started
using the Stack and Tilt this winter in our golf dome here in
Milwaukee. I was very surprised at how much I must move laterally after
using this technique. 
During my first round I hit a few fat
shots. I also had a severe downhill lie. I was wondering what caused
the fat shots and how does one employ the Stack and Tilt on odd lies?
I will get my normal flaming for this in the Stack and Tilt world, but I can't stand the method. If you choose to proceed with it I would have you ask someone else this question. Just look at Mike Weir as an example of why you wouldn't want to continue with that method. Now that he is back with Mike Wilson I expect big things from him. Mike is an excellent teacher and a quality guy, he will help him get back on track. Matthew Dougherty asks at 12:30:

I have a question about stance.
How far apart should the feet be with short-irons, mid-irons, long-irons, and Woods.
Also, is ball position dependent on the person, or is there a good starting position for ball position?
Finally, what is a good method to make sure the body is lined up
parallel to the target line. I usually pick out an intermediate target
a couple feet in front of the ball to line my clubface up with, but i
find it hard to get my body aligned with this. Let's start with the ball position. The width of your stance will vary slightly with the irons, getting a bit wider as they get longer. This traditional widening of the stance isn't mandatory, with some younger players staying fairly narrow with all the shots played from the ground. However, I would recommend you let your feet spread out a bit with the increasing length. Ball position is another issue. The ball should always be played just before the bottom of the arc. This may give you the impression that you can move the ball back if you are hitting it fat, that would be very incorrect. The bottom of the arc is where the left arm and clubshaft are perpendicular to the ground, this happens right under your left armpit, making the proper ball position for a right handed player under your left chest when the ball is on the ground. This is true from wedge to 3-wood. While it seems the ball moves farther forward as the clubs get longer, the right foot is just widening giving the illusion of a floating ball position. With that said, it is obvious that different ball flights require different ball positions so this isn't the spot 100 percent of the time. Finally, some players with wider upper bodies have more success playing the ball farther back in the stance, so use this information as a good reference but don't be afraid to experiment a bit. There are countless ways to work on your alignment. The intermediate target you referenced works well, as does practicing with clubs or sticks down to constantly check the lines. I can tell you that I naturally aim to the right of the target and have had that tendency for 30 years. I have fixed this problem in my game by setting up comfortably which I know is slightly right of the target and the opening my stance slightly before I swing. This has been the easiest way for me to get square.
Brendan "Lefty" asks 12:30: Love the blog and the redgoat site. I have been focusing a lot on my weight shift in the swing and maintaining the tush line.
I am having a difficult time feeling the weight transfer during the
swing. On the backswing, I feel as if I can only shift all of my weight
to the back heel by moving my head or angling my shoulders away from
the target.
Then on the downswing, when I focus on maintaining my tush line I
feel like the weight never gets off my back heel. I am having trouble
making an aggressive weight shift without moving toward my toes or
laterally shifting my hips. You don't want to move all of your weight into your back heel during the backswing, just some of it. Allowing your head to move laterally and angling your shoulders away from the target are both positive steps to building a good golf swing. Laterally shifting your hips on the downswing is a must, and it must be done before the backswing has been completed. If the weight moves parallel to the target line and not into your toes, you should be able to get the bottom of the swing positioned properly in front of the ball. The best way to feel the shift is to make some throws with a ball stepping toward the target. You can do this from a golf set up position to help you transfer the feel back to your swing.
TJ asks at 12:15: Isn't the tush line basically maintaining your posture (knee flex and spine angle)? That is part of the puzzle, sure. However, I can show you countless Tour players who change their knee flex and spine angle during the swing but still maintain the tush line. I can also show you amateurs that maintain their knee flex and lose the line. The fact is that maintaining the line has to do with knee flex, spine angle, posture, distance from the ball, and most importantly the movement of weight during the swing. If the setup is good and the player understands how the weight should be working, they will maintain the line and hit the ball more consistently. Jeff asked at 12:00: Is the
left wrist flat or bowed throughout impact and well into the follow-thru? I'm just trying to determine correct and incorrect positions of the
This has been an ongoing debate for some time. The fact is there are many variables that determine the position of the left wrist at impact and into the follow through. These include the relative strength/weakness of the grip, the desired shape and height of the shot being hit, and the length of the swing being taken. For example, if the grip is strong like John Daly, a bowed left wrist at impact will produce a huge hook. If the grip is weaker, the left wrist should be flatter at impact, possibly even bowed, to get the clubface into a square position. I have included a 4 picture sequence of left wrist positions that are bent and a 4 picture sequence with the wrist flat or bowed. BENT (Vijay, Sergio, Goosen, Daly): Bentimpact  FLAT (Villegas, Byrd, Annika, Allenby): Flatimpact

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